B.E (1) FIRST SEMESTER
Applied Physics I
Interference: Types of interference. Fresnel’s biprism. White light fringes. Determination of thickness of thin sheet. Interference in thin films (conditions for normal incidence). Necessity of extended source. Newton’s rings, Michelson interferometer. Types of fringes. Uses of Michelson interferometer. Antireflection coating. Interference filters.
Diffraction: Fraunhoffer diffraction at a circular aperture. Plane diffraction grating. Formation of multiple spectra and determination of wavelength. Dispersive power of grating. Resolving power of optical instruments. Meaning of resolving power. Rayleigh’s criterion of resolution. Resolving power of grating, prism, telescope and microscope.
Polarization: Geometry of calcite crystal. Double refraction, quarter wave plate. Half wave plate. Elliptically and circularly polarized light and production of circularly polarized light. Optical activity. Specific rotation. Fresnel’s theory of optical rotation. Laurent’s half-shade polarimeter. Photoelasticity.
Lasers : Spontaneous & stimulated emission. Population inversion. Structure of a Laser. Properties of Laser light (monochromatic, low divergence, coherence.). Types of Laser with specifications. Applications.
Ultrasonic : Ultrasonic waves. Production and detection. Properties of ultrasonics. Applications of ultrasonics waves.
Electricity and magnetism : Magnetic forces on a current. Torque on a current loop. Hall effect and Hall devices. Circulating charges. Cyclotron and mass spectrometer. Faraday’s law of induction. Lenz’s law. Induction - quantitative study. Time varying magnetic fields. Betatron. Paramagnetism. Diamagnetism. Ferromagnetism. Nuclear magnetism and NMR.
Thermoelectricity: Seebeck effect. Variation of thermo-emf with temperature. Thermoelectric series. Measurement of thermo-emf. Law of intermediate metals. Law of intermediate temperatures. Pelteir effect. Thomson effect. Total emf in a thermocouple. Thermoelectric power. Applications of thermoelectric effect.
Modern physics: Artificial transmutation. Nuclear reactions and Q-value. Types of nuclear reactions. Structure of nucleus. Nuclear constituents. Proton-neutron theory. General properties of nucleus. Atomic mass unit. Mass defect and packing fraction. Nuclear binding energy. Nuclear forces. Nuclear models.
Nuclear fission : Theory of nuclear fission. Energy released in nuclear fission. The chain reaction. Thermonuclear reactions. Atom bomb. Stellar energy. Nuclear reactors.
X-rays: Discovery & production of X-rays. Origin and properties of X-rays. Diffraction of X-rays. Bragg’s law. X-ray spectrometer and crystal structure. Powder method. Applications of X-rays.
PRACTICALS : Practicals based on the above syllabus.
TEXTS\REFERENCES
1) Engineering Physics : R.K.Gaur and S.L.Gupta, Dhanpat Rai & Sons.
2) Physics Part II – D.Halliday and R.Resnick, Wiley Eastern.
3) Introduction to modern and classical optics-- J R Meyer arendt, Prentice Hall.
4) Modern college Physics – H.E.White,Affiliated East-West Press.
Applied Mathematics I
UNIT – 1 CALCULUS :
Reorientation, Functions of one varible, Applications of Derivatives – curvature. Successive Differentiation, Partial Derivatives, Leibnitz rule for the nth order derivative of a function, Techniques of partial derivatives.
UNIT- 2 INFINITE SERIES :
Sequences and their convergence, convergence and divergence of infinite series, Geometric series, P-series, A necessary condition for convergence, Comparision test, Absolute convergence and conditional convergence of alternating series. Expansion of functions : Macluarins & Taylor’s expansion with reminder form. Indeterminate forms, L’Hopsital’s rule.
UNIT – 3 COMPLEX ALGEBRA :
Complex numbers & their geometrical representation, Complex numbers in polar form, Demoivre’s theorem and its applications. Exponential, Logarithmic, Trigonometric & Hyperbolic functions.
UNIT – 4 DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS :
Reorientation. Modelling of Engineering systems pertaining to first order differential equations, Exact differential equations, Integrating factors, Unified approach to first order ordinary differential equations, equations of first order and higher degree.
UNIT – 5
Linear differential equations of higher order with constant coefficients and with variable Coefficients, models of higher order differential equations.
UNIT –6
Method of variation of parameters and simultaneous linear differential equations. Method of solution in series, Bessel and Legendre’s equations. Properties of Bessel functions, introduction to Legendre polynomials.
TEXT/REFERENCES
1. Advanced Engineering Mathematics by Erwin Kreyszig. (6th Edition) Johnwilley & Sons.
2. Text Book of Engineering Mathematics – Dhanpat Rai & Sons, Delhi by Srivastava – Dhavan
3. Differential Calculus by Shantinarayan S. Chand & Co. New Delhi.
4. Advanced Calcus by Willfred Kaplan – Addison Weseley Publ. Company, Inc.
5. Advanced Engineering Mathematics – C.R. wylie, Mc. Graw – Hill, Inc.
Engineering Drawing I
1. Plane Geometry, Types of Lines, Lettering, Commercial Construction, Tracing of Curves.
2. Projection of Points, Lines and Projection on Auxiliary Planes.
2. Orthographic Projection and Isometric Drawing of Machine parts and sections.
3. Threads, Bolts, Studs, Nuts, Setscrews, Split pins, Keys, Rivets, Shafts, Pulleys, Foundation bolts, Standard sections.
4. Cotter joints, Knuckle joints, Riveted joints, Welded joints, Couplings.
5. Sketches of above parts.
Material Science
1) Engineering requirements of materials. Criteria for selection of materials for engineering applications on the basis of mechanical properties.
2) Metallic materials. Properties and applications. Imperfection in crystals. Elastic and plastic deformation of metallic materials.
3) Cold working and annealing. Effect of grain size. Alloying elements and heat treatment on properties of single phase and two phase materials.
4) Ceramic materials. Examples of ceramic materials-bricks. Concrete. Cement. Refractories and glasses. Structures properties and applications of above materials.
5) Organic materials. Polymerization mechanisms. Hydrocarbon and polymers. Properties and applications of plastic. Rubber. Resins and wood.
6) Composite materials. Brief description of metal matrix. Polymer matrix and ceramic matrix composites. Elementary principles. Typical examples.
7) Electrical and magnetic materials. Electrical properties. Electrical conductivity. Conductors. Insulators and semi-conductors. Magnetic behaviour. Soft and hard magnetic materials. Dielectric properties.
8) Stability of materials in service environment. Corrosion. Oxidation and thermal stability. Protection against corrosion.
9) Examples of new developments. Superconducting materials. Metallic glasses. Electronic materials. Elementary principles and examples.
TEXT/REFERENCES
Elements of Materials Science’ by Van Vlack
Fundamentals Of Civil Engineering.
(I) THEORY :
A. ENGINEERING MATERIAL
1. (a) Introduction of Civil Engineering Materials used in Engineering works. Basic properties.
(b) Bricks. ISI classification. Qualities of good bricks. Tests for bricks. Fire bricks.
(c) Stone common types of building stones. Qualities and use. Artificial stone.
2. (a) Lime classification and uses of lime. Properties of lime.
(b) Cement. Characteristics and properties of ordinary Portland cement. Field tests on
Portland cement. Types of cements and their uses.Storing of cement
3. (a) Mortar and concrete. Material used in mortar and concrete. Classification and uses.
Properties of good mortar and concrete.
(b) Timber . Merits and demerits of timber as construction materials. Qualities of good timber. Objectives of timber seasoning. Preservation of timber construction. Various types of timber. Timber products and their uses.
4. (a) Steel. Different types of iron. Advantages for tor steel and mild steel. Various market forms of steel. Uses of C.I. pipes
(b) Plastics. Classification of plastics and their uses.
(c) Glass. Classification, properties and uses of glass.
B. BUILDING CONSTRUCTION:
5 .(a) Bricks Masonry. Terms used in brick work. Bonds in brick work. English and Flemish bond. Supervision of brick work. Thickness of brick work.
(b) Opening in walls. Lintels and arches.
6. (a) Doors and windows. Locations. Size, type and purpose.
(b) Building finishing items. Plastering , Pointing.
( C ) SURVEYING:
7. (a) Introduction, definition, classification, object. Uses and principles of Surveying, Basic
instruments for survey and their use in surveying.
(b) Chain Surveying. Survey stations. Base line. Check line, Tie line Chaining and offsetting.
(c) Compass survey. Open and close traverse. Bearing. Types of bearing. Systems of bearings. Direction of bearings. Local attraction and magnetic declination. Prismatic surveyor’s and trough compass. Temporary adjustments and uses of compass. Conversion of bearings. Calculations of angles and correction of bearings
8. Levelling. Definition and uses. Terms used in leveling. Instruments for leveling. Temporary
adjustments of a Dumpy level. Principles of leveling. Collimation and Rise and fall methods. Examples on leveling and Fly levels
(II) TERM WORK :
Termwork will consist of practicals, drawings and sketches based on the above topics of the subjects.
TEXT/REFERENCES :
1. Elementary Survey – B.C. Punmia Vol.I
Publisher: Laxmi Publication, Dariya Gunj, New Delhi
2. Surveying and levelling – S.C. Rangwala, Publisher: Charotar Publishing House, Anand.
3. Surveying and leveling – Kanetkar and Kulkarni Vol. I Publisher: A.V.G. Prakashan, Puna.
4. Textbook of Building Construction – S.P. Arora and S.P. Bindra
Dhanbatrai and sons Publishers.
5. Engineering Materials – S.C. Rangwala, charotar Books Stall, Anand.
6. Building Materials – Janardan Jha.
7. Building Materials – Surendra Singh, Vikas Publishing Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
8. Building Construction – Sharma and Kaul. Publisher: S.Chand & Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi.
9. Building Construction – S.C.Rangwala, Charotar Books Stall, Anand.Materials of construction –D.N.Ghose, Publisher: Tata Mc. Graw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd. New Delhi.
10. Introduction to Engineering Materials – Publisher: Agrawal, Tata Mc. Graw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd. New Delhi.
11. Building Construction – Dr. B.C. Punima, Laxmi Publication, New Delhi.
WORKSHOP-I
Carpentry: Names, use and setting of hand tools, Construction of halved single mortise and tenon joints, dovetail joint, bridle joint, oblique mortise and tenon joints and refter joint.
Smithy: Tools used for preparing simple jobs in hand forging.
Term Work: Each candidate shall submit to the examiners, the term work as mentioned below which will be allotted marks upto a maximum of 50 with a certificate from the Dean, Faculty of Technology & Engineering that it was completed by him in a satisfactory manner within the walls of the college.
Carpentry: At least 4 different joints.
Smithy: At least 4 different jobs.
When once a set of jobs has been submitted for the examination and marked. The marks will be carried over to a subsequent examination unless new jobs are presented. A candidate whose marks in term work are thus carried over shall be eligible for a class.
B.E (1) SECOND SEMESTER
Applied Mechanics
THEORY:
(A) STATICS :
1. Introduction to the subject of applied mechanics and its various branches. SI units. Force and force systems : Coplanar, concurrent and non-concurrent force systems. Resultant and resolutions. Forces in space. Vectors. Operations on forces using vectors. Moment of force. Varignon’s theorem. Couple and its properties. Resultant of a coplanar force system.Concentrated and uniform loads. Resultant of a spatial force system. Wrench resultant.
2. Equilibrium : Equilibrium of a particle. External & internal forces. Equilibrium of a rigid body. Types of supports. Structural members and beams. Reactions of beams. Determinateness.
3. Properties of lines, areas and solids : Centre of gravity. Centroids of lines and of basic and composite areas. Built-up sections. Product of intertias. Mass moment of intertia.
4. Trusses, frames and mechanisms : Connected bodies. Two force and three force members. Trusses. Method of joints. Method of sections. Determinateness of truss. Rigid and non-rigid frames. Simple mechanisms. Space frames.
5. Friction : Types of friction. Characteristics of a dry friction. Equilibrium on rough inclined place. The wedge-The screw-The screw jack-Journal bearing, Axle friction. Thrust bearing-Disc friction-Clutches.
6. Transmission of power : Lifting Machine, Basic machines, The differential principle, Linear law, Belt drive, Velocity ratio. Compound belt drive-length of belt. Transmission of power. Gearings. Trains of wheels. Epicyclic gearing. Speed reduction gear. Differential gear.
(B) DYNAMICS :
1. Kinetics of particle : Review of kinematics of a particle. Force, mass and acceleration. Rectilinear and curvilinear motion. D’Alembert’s principle, work, power and energy. Impulse and momentum.
2. Kinetics of rigid bodies : Equations of motion. Translation. Fixed axis rotation. Problems involving frictions.
(A) STRENGTH AND ELASTICITY MATERIALS :
1. Simple stresses and strains. Hook’s law. Elastic limit. Ultimate stress. Factor of safety. Lateral strain. Poisoon’s ratio. Stress concentration idea. Temperature stress. Simple shear, Elastic modulii relations.
TERM WORK :
Practical and drawings : Experiments and ten graphic statics problems based on the above syllabus.
TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES :
1. Applied Mechanics by S.B. Junnarkar and H.J. Shah, Charotar Pub.
2. Engineering Mechanics by Merium and Kraige, John Wiley & Sons.
3. Vector Mechanics by Beer and E.R. Johnstons, McGraw-Hill Book Co.
4. Engineering Mechanics by Huges and Martin, E.L.B.S. and Macmillan.
5. Engineering Mechanics by R.S. Kumar.
Applied Mathematics II
UNIT – 1 PARTIAL DIFERENTIATION :
Function of Two variables- Definition, limit, continuity and partial Derivatives, Chain rule. Euler’s Therem, Implicit functions. Differentials, Applications of Partial derivatives, (Tangent Plane and Normal line, Approximation, Maxima and Minima. Lagrange’s Multiplier’s method) Jacobians and transformations.
UNIT – 2 VECTOR CALCULUS
Reorientation, Scalar and vector field. Gradient of a scalar function. Directional Derivative, Devergence and curl of a vector field and their applications.
UNIT – 3 ANALYTICAL GEOMETRY
Reorientation, Curvilinear coordinates (polar, cylindrical and spherical)
Cone, cylinder, conicoids, surfaces and solids of revolutions.
UNIT – 4
Tangent planes and normal lines to above surfaces (by calculus method) Tracing of curves : cardiod, cycloid, leminiscate, spiral, four level rose.
UNIT – 5 MATRICES :
Rank of a matrix, solution of homogeneous and non-homogeneous systems of linear equations. Eigen values and Eigen vectors of a matrix. Cayley-Hamilton theorem. Special matrices Hermitian, skew hermitian, orthogonal and unitary matrices.
UNIT – 6 LAPLACE TRANSFORMS :
Laplace Transforms of elementary functions, Inverse Laplace Transforms, Linearity property, First and second shifting theorem. Laplace Transforms of derivatioves and integrals, Applications of Laplace Transform in solving ordinary differential equations.
TEXT/REFERENCES
1. Advanced Engineering Mathematics by Erwin Kreyszig. (6th Edition) Johnwilley & Sons.
2. Text Book of Engineering Mathematics – Dhanpat Rai & Sons, Delhi by Srivastava – Dhavan
3. Differential Calculus by Shantinarayan S. Chand & Co. New Delhi.
4. Advanced Calcus by Willfred Kaplan – Addison Weseley Publ. Company, Inc.
5. Advanced Engineering Mathematics – C.R. wylie, Mc. Graw – Hill, Inc.
Basic Metallurgy
1. Scope of Metallurgy
Various fields of metallurgical engineering, metallurgical industries in India and their future.
2. Occurance of important areas, minerals:
Sources of metals
Basic outline of the principle of production of iron and steel, copper, aluminium, zinc, lead.
3. Metallurgical Fuels and furnaces, common refractories and their classification,
Pyrometry-various methods used for measurement, recording and control of temperature.
4. Metlalurgical microscope, optical systems, resolution & magnification. Polishing & etching macro & micro examination.
5. Phase Rule
Study of simple binary diagrams, different types, Iron-carbon phase diagram, Use of phase diagram as a basis for introduction to the heat treatment of metals & alloys.
6. Introduction to foundry metallurgy, moulding, melting and casting methods.
7. Methods of metal forming-Rolling, forging, extrusion, wire drawing, tube drawing and powder metallurgy.
8. Metal joining - welding, soldering, brazing.
9. Testing of metals and alloys, hardness, tensile strength, ductility measurements. Introduction to NDT technques.
REFERENCES
1. Elements of Metallurgy by D. Swarup.
2. Principles of metallographic laboratory practice by G.L. Kehl.
3. Elements of physical metallurgy by A.G. Gu.
4. Introduction to Metallurgy by A.R. Bailey
5. Materials Science and Processes : S.K. Hajra Choudhury, Indian Book Distributing CO., Calcutta.
Selected Engineering materials
(A) POLYMERIC MATERIALS:
1. Types of Polymers (commodity, Engineering and Speciality Polymers) Molecular structure, polymeric Isomerism and Tacticity, Polymer Morphology, Polymeric Elastomers, Plastics films, Fibres and Liquid Crystalline Polymers.
2. Basics of Polymeriszation Reactions and Polymer Synthesis, Physical states of polymers, Crystalline Polymers and melting, Mechanical Properties of Polymers. Polymer Additives and compounding, Processing and Fabrication of Plastics.
(B) CONTACT MATERIALS:
3. Electrical contact materials, Basic concepts, classification, Properties and selection of electrical contact materials for a few important applications.
4. Semi-conducting materials, Basic concepts, Properties and application, Properties, application and selection of farrites.
(C) COMPOSITE MATERIALS:
5. Basic concepts and classification, properities and application of metal matrix composites.
6. Properites and application of ceramic and polymer matrix composites.
(D) MAGNETIC MATERIALS:
7 & 8. Alloy, ferrites and Garnets, Properites and applications in transformer, magnets, shape memory & microwave deivces and Dielectrics.
TEXT / REFERENCES:
Materials Science and Engineering – An Introduction – William D. Callister. John Wiley
The Nature and Properties of Engineering Materials – Zbigniew D. Jastrzebski. John Wiley
Principles of Materials Science and Engineering – William F. Smith. Mc. Graw Hill
Engineering Drawing II
1. Solid Geometry : Projection of simple solids such as prism, pyramid, cylinder and cones.
2. Section of solids by different plans and their conventions, partial and revolved sections.
3. Interpenetration of simple solids such as cylinder and cones, development of surface of simple solids.
4. Machine drawing and sketching, machine parts and engine components such as a cylinder plston, stuffing box, crosshead, connecting rod, crank, eccentric, valve pipe joints, ball and roller bearing etc.
English
I. Oral Communication : (Listening/Speaking)
a. Listening to Indian/Native pronunciation
Common Errors in prenunciation
b. Listening for gist and specific details
c. Note Taking
d. Presentation skills/Expressing views/Facing an interview
e. Speaking Siskills : Fluency/Pronunciation/Expression
f. Group Discussion
II. Written Communication : (Reading/Writing)
a. Reading Comprehension : Skipping/Scanning
b. Understanding the logic of sentences : Use of reference devices
c. Summerising different types of texts : Precis/Note Making
d. Business Correspondence
e. Writing Reports
f. Writing Proposals
III. Study Skills
a. Dictionary Skills
b. Information Transfer : From visual to verbal
IV. Grammar and Vocabulary
a. Contextualized Grammer
b. Sentence Structure
c. Error Analysis/Using appropriate vocabulary
d. Word Formation Processes : Affixation/Conversion/Compounding/Derivation
Prescribed Text : English for All : Nilanjana Gupta (Coordinating Editor) Macillan India Ltd. 1998.
REFERENCE BOOKS
1. Trimble and Trimble : English for Science and Technology : Discourse Approach.
2. English for Engineers and Technelogists : A skills approach Humanities and Social Sciences Division, Anna University, Chennai.
3. English Grammar for Today : Leech, Deuchar and Hoogenarad Macmillan 1984.
4. Communication in English for Technical Students : Curriculum Development Centre Technical Teacher’s Training Institute, Calcutta. Orient Longman.
5. Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English, Longman, 1978.
Applied Chemistry
1. Chemical Kinetics, first, second and third order reactions.
2. Phase rule and its applications to binary and ternary systems.
3. Properties of molecules in relation to structure : Surface tension, viscosity, refractive index, optical rotation.
4. Crystal structure, applications of X-ray to crystal structure.
5. Chemistry of beryllium, radium, thorium, uranium and platinum metals, rare gases.
6. Water for industrial and boiler feed purpose, demineralization of water.
7. Fuels, proximate and ultimate analysis of fuels, rocket fuels.
8. A. Corrosion and passivity.
B. Applications of the law of marks action to homogeneous equlibria.
9. Ostwald’s dilution Law.
Advanced Principles of Metallurgy : (a) Solvent extraction (b) Microbial methods (c) Chelation and (d) Liquid ion exchangers.
10. Petrochemicals and their applications. Manufacturing of following petrochemicals:
(a) Synthesis gas (b) Methanol (c) Olefines
11. Introductory polymer chemistry. Definition of monomers, polymers, Mn1 MW etc. Classification of polymers, Chemistry of important polymers.
PRATICALS: Based on the above
First Semester of B.E.II
Fuels and Energy Sources in Metallurgy
1. Various forms of energy including non-conventional source. Solar energy, Wind energy, Tidal energy & Bio-mass and their applications in different fields.
2. Definition of Fuel and its importance. Indian coals washing methods.
3. Coking coal, Testing of of coking properties, carbonisation of coal.
4. Coke ovens, Recovery of by-products, industrial carbonization.
1. Classification, Classification and composition of gases, Classification of coal, Manufacturing of producer gas, Water gas, Carburetted water gas and Blast furnace gas, Catalytic process & hydrogenation.
2. Natural gas, cracking and reforming of natural gas, use of natural gas in Metallurgy. Laser and its applications.
3. Plasma, plasma state and characteristics, method of production & its application. (Ferrous and Non-ferrous Metallurgy). Nuclear energy, Nuclear fussion, Fussion and other reactions.
4. Energy conservation and recovery, energy aspects of certain metallurgical units and processes. Combustion.
REFERENCE\TEXT :
1. Introduction to fuesl by J.C. Macral
2. The efficient use of fuels by H.M.Su
3. Fuels by Brame & Kiing
4. Fuels by Sharma & Chandra mohan
Mineral Dressing
1. Introduction, Occurrence of metallic minerals in nature, Role of beneficiation in extractive metallurgy, Mineral dressing as physical separation. Important properties of minerals as criteria for separation. Terms used in mineral beneficiation.
2. Liberation and its significance, comminution, crushing, type of crushers. The laws of comminution. Grinding, dry and wet grinding.
3. Grinding media, theory of tumbling grinding mills, grinding circuits.
4. Sizing, screens, industrial screening, size analysis representation. Size distribution.
5. Motion of solid in fluid. Stokes and Newton’s law. , Free setting and hindered settling, equal settling particles, classifiers. Sizing and sorting classifiers. Hydrocyclone.
6. Gravity separation, concentration criteria. Tabling, wilflly table. Jigging, jigs, heavy media separation. Sedimentation. Dewatering techniques. Thickener. Filtration and drying.
7. Flotation. Physico chemical principles. Surface properties, contact angle. Adsorption. Flotation chemicals. Differential flotation. Machines.
8. Process variables in flotation. Roughing, concentration. Scavenging. Study of flow sheet for important minerals.
9. Magnetic and electrostatic separation. Application of computer in mineral dressing.
MATERIAL & STRUCTURES-I
THEORY
1. Types of beams and loads-Diagram of bending moment and shearing force in cantilever and simply supported beams under static loads-analytically as well as graphically with varying and distributed loads, Effect of couples.
2. Theory of simple bending : Distribution of normal stress due to bending, moment of resistance, Beam of uniform strength, Flitched beam, Built up section under bending. Distribution of shear stress : Principle stresses in beam, Curvature, slope and deflection of cantilever and simply supported beams including overhang beams, Carriage springs.
3. Resolution of stresses : Ellipse and circle of stresses, Principal planes, Principal stresses and strains, Mohr’s stress and strain circle for various applications of compound stress, Resilience of sudden, impact and shock loading.
4. Eccentric loading : Tension or compression combined with bending, Middle third rule, Wind pressure on walls and chimney, Water pressure on dam.
Simple strut theory – Euler’s and Rankine’s Formula.
5. Stresses in thin cylinders subjected to internal pressure, Cylindrical shell with hemispherical ends, Spherical shell, Riveted joints, Various types of failures, Design of riveted connections.
6. Torsion of circular shafts of uniform sections. Tensional resilience. Distribution of torsional stress – Angle of twist, Power transmissions from shafts. Combined Bending and Torsion including theories of failure. Helical spring under Axial force.
7. Elementary theory of Reinforced cement concrete : Theory of bending as applied to rectangular beams and assumptions made, Relation between amount of reinforcement and position of neutral axis, Economic percentage of steel, Moment of Resistance of beams, Over and under balanced sections, Designs of beams and slabs.
TERM WORK
This will be presented by the candidate in the form of a laboratory journal and file consisting of graphic statics problems.
LABORATORY WORK
A minimum of ten experiments on testing of materials under tension, compression, shear, torsion, impact and hardness.
GRAPHIC STATICS
A minimum of ten exercise based on above items of the syllabus including graphical solution of forces in truss members.
TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCES
1. Mechanics of Structures Vol.1 by S.B. Junnarkar and H.J. Shah.
2. Introduction to Mechanics of Solids by I.P. Kapila and S.N. Agnihotri.
3. Elementary Strength of Materials by S. Timonshenko.
4. Strength of Materials by R.S. Khurmi, S. Chand & Co. Ltd.
5. Strength of Materials by Ramamrutham.
6. Strength of Materials by R. C. Patel , T.D. Bhagia & B.M. Patel.
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING FUNDAMENTALS
(A) ELECTRIC CIRCUITS
1. D.C. Circuits : Review of Ohm’s law. Kirchoff’s law. Series parallel connections. Solution of simple d.c. circuits.
2. A.C. Circuits : Sinusoidal e.m.f. and currents. R.M.S. and average value. Phaser representation. Voltage current relations in purely resistive, inductive and capacitive circuits and their combination. Power and power factor.
Poly phase system : Voltage and current relation and power in balanced 3 phase system.
(B) ELECTRICAL MACHINES
3. D.C. Generators : Principle of working. Types of generators. Their characteristics and applications.
D.C. Motors : Principle of working. Types of generators. Their characteristics and applications.
4. Transformers : Review of Faraday’s law and Lenz’s law. Self and mutual induction. Principle of working of transformer. e.m.f. equation. Uses of transformer.
Induction motor : Principles of working and applications.
5. Alternators : Principle of working and applications.
Syn. Motor : Principle of working. Special features and its applications
(C) FUNDAMENTALS OF ELECTRONICS
6. Qualitative Semiconductor Theory : Conductors. Semiconductors and Insulators. Intrinsic and extriosic semiconductors. Conduction in p-n, p-n-p and n-p-n junctions. Their characteristics. Zener diode. Photo-diode and display devices.
TERM WORK : About 8 to 10 Experiments based on the above syllabus.
TEXTS/REFERENCES
1. Applied Electricity by H. Cotton.
2. Electrical Technology by B.L. Theraia.
3. Advance Electrical Technology by H. Cotton.
4. Problems in Electrical Engg. by Parker Smith.
APPLIED MATHEMATICS-III
· Multiple integrals :
Reorientation of concept of integrals. Line integrals double and triple integrals, evaluation techniques. Change of order of integration, integrals in polar and cylindrical coordinates, transformation of multiple integrals. Application of double and triple integrals for evaluation of area. Volume, mass.
· Vector Calculus :
Surface integrals, Green’s theorem, Gauss divergence theorem, Stoke’s theorem, Applications of integral theorems.
· Improper integrals :
Convergence of improper integrals, Error functions.
· Fourier series :
Fourier expansion of periodic functions with period 2 (Fourier series of even and odd functions, half-range series. Fourier series of functions with arbitrary period, conditions of convergence of Fourier series.
· Tensors :
Space of N-dimensions, Transformation of co-ordinates, summation convention. Contravariant and co-variant vectors (tensors of first order), tensors of second order (Kroneker delta), Tensors of higher rank, Invariant or scalar. Algebraic operations with tensors. Addition and substraction of tensors, contraction, product of tensors, Inner product, symmetric tensor, skew-symmetric tensor, quotient law.
· Second order Partial differential equaitons:
Second order partial differential equations, models leading to 2nd order PDE’s, boundary value problems involving 2nd order PDE’s and their solution by methods of separation of variables. Heat, Wave & Laplace Equns. & their solution by method of separation of variables and using Fourier series.
· Introductory Statistics, regression and correlation :
Reoreintation, measures of central tendency, measures of dispersion, correlation, rank correlation, regresion, curve fittings, method of least squares.
· Sampling Techniques and Testing of Hypothesis :
Population and samples, Different methods of sampling. Probability distribution and their properties, Binomial, possion, Normal distribution and their properties, estimation of parameters cofidence intervals, Testing of hypothesis, decisions.
REFERENCES :
1. Advanced Engineering Mathematics – Erwin Kreyszig. John Willey & sons.
2. Introduction to partial differential equations – Donald Greenspan, McGraw-Hill Book Company.
3. Advanced Engineering Mathematics – C.R. Wylie, McGraw-Hill Book Company.
4. Properties of solids – George G. Koerber, Prentice-Hall.
5. Mechanical Metallurgy, S.I. Metric Edition – George E. Duter, McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1988.
SECOND SEMESTER OF B.E.II
PRINCIPLES OF EXTRACTIVE METALLURGY
Definitions: Ore, Minerals, Metals, etc. Scope of extractive metallurgy, Drying, Calcining, Sintering, Roasting, Smelting, Distillation, Fire refining.
Hydrometallurgy, Steps involved, Importance. Merits of pyro and hydrometallurgy. Electrometallurgy, Electro winning. Electro refining. Applications. Fundamentals of unit Process, Unit operations.
Review of chemical equilibrium. The basic concept of free energy change. Requirements for prediction and calculation of a chemical reaction. Ellingham diagram in detail for metal oxides. Activities in concentrated solution and in industrial liquid metallic solution 1wt/std. State. Henrian solution activity and activity coeff. (Problems based on few above selected topics are solved in tutorial classes.).
Reaction kinetics. Factors affecting Homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions. Effect of conc. Of reacting substances on rate of a reaction. Order and molecularity of a reaction, reaction and concentration of reactant of 1st, 2nd, and nth order. Determination of order and velocity constant of a reaction. Reversible reactions.
The effect of temperature on rates of reactions. Arrhenius equation, Role of activation energy. Theory of absolute reactions. Rates, Applicability of reaction kinetics to metallurgical systems.
Extraction of metals from oxide and sulphide ores. Reduction of oxide ores by Carbon Hydrogen metallothermic reduction ( Al, Si, Mg, Ca. etc). Electrolysis at low pressure and high pressure. Conversion into halides and subsequent extraction.
Reduction of sulphide ores by reduction, smelting and mattesmelting. (Discussion of all above topics with at least specific examples in each case.)
Refining of impure metals. Introduction chemical, electrochemical and physical methods i.e. fire refining. Refining via volatile comp. Electrolysis, Distillation. Zone refining, Materials and heat balance. Flow diagram. Techniques and procedure of material balance. Techniques and methods of heat balance.
COMPUTATIONAL – TECHNIQUES
(A) C Programming :
· Algorithms, effective procedures in problem solving, flowcharts, pseudo-code.
· C Preliminaries :
Data types, constants, variables, type specification statements, operators and expressions, Library functions simple C programms.
· Control Structures :
Importance and types of structures, structured programming, if else, while, do-while, for, switch structure, go to, continue and break statement.
· Arrays, pointers, functions, text processing and programms using the above features.
(B) Numerical Analysis and Application Programming
· Finite differences, Newton’s interpolation formula, Lagrange’s formula.
· Numerical integration, Trapezoidal Rule, Simpson’s Rule.
· Solution of equations of one variable : Bisection method, Regula-falsi, Newton – Raphson Method.
· Solution of system on linear equations : Gauss Seidel, Jacobi, Gauss-elimination Methods.
· Numerical solution of differential equation : Euler’s Method, Modified Euler Method, Runge-Kutta method.
· Finite difference methods for ordinar differential equations.
REFERENCES
1. Sudhir Kareker Programming in C.
2. Kernigham B.W. and Ritchie D.M. : The C programming Language, 2nd Edition.
3. Numerical Methods for Scientific & Engineering Computation by M.K. Jain, S.R.K. Iyengar, R.K. Jain – Willey Eastern Ltd.
4. Computer Oriented Numerical Methods – S.S. Sastry, Prantice-Hall of India.
5. Introduction to Numerical Analysis – S.S. Sastry, Prantice-Hall of India.
ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN METALLURGY
1. Introduction to techniques in quantitative analysis Physicochemical method of analysis. Basic principle and methods of colorimetry.
2. Absorptiometry Spectrophotometery Electro-gravimetric analysis.
3. Titrometry, Potentiometric titration. Columbometric titration. Ampstiomatric and conductiometric, Titration.
3. Nuclear Magnetic Resource principle, analytical applications.
4. Thermal Analysis, thermogravimetry Differential thermal analysis.
5. Differential scanning calorimetry. Thermodilatometry.
6. Analysis of cast iron. Steel, Stainless steel, Brass Bronze etc. by chemical and physico chemical methods.
TERM WORK
Experiments of Wet. Analysis and Instrumental Analysis based on chemical and physico chemical methods.
TEXT/REFERENCES
1. A Text Book of Metallurgical Analysis, B.C. Agrawal, S.P. Jain, Khanna.
1. Instrumental Methods of Analysis – G.W. Ewing, Mc-Hill.
2. A Text of Qualitative/Anatilative Analysis – A.1 Yogel Lonsgman.
3. Metallurgical Analysis – V.G. Iyer, Kohinoor.
4. An Introduction to Metallurgical Analysis – S.K. Jain Vikas.
5. Introduction to Thermal Analysis – M.E. Brown.
6. Undergraduate Instrumental Analysis – James W. Robinson.
TRANSPORT PHENOMENA
1. Modes of heat transfer. Conduction of heat through solid. Steady and unsteady state. Temperature profile. Fouriou law of heat conduction. General equation of heat conduction in Cartaian co-ordinate. Spherical co-ordinate & Cylindrical. One diamensional steady state heat flow through composite walls.
2. Radial heat conduction through bollow composite cylinders and spheres. Convective heat transfer. Free and forceed convection. Application of dimensional analysis to Effective boundry layer. Convective mass transfer coefficient.
3. Laws of diffusion. Diffusivity. Steady state one dimensional mass diffusion through stationary media. Counter current diffusion. Unidirectional diffusion. Solid state diffusion.
4. Radiative heat transfer. Reflection adsorbtion and transmission of radiation. Definition of Nack body Plank’s Law. Wien’s distribution law.
5. Heat transfer between two bodies by radiation Labert’s law. View factor.
6. General features of fluid flow. Viscosity. Classification of fluids. Newtonian. Non-Newtonion. Viscous-non viscous. Lamilar curbulant. Compressible incompressible. Steady unsteady fluid flow. Macroscopic energy balance. Verturimeter. Oritices, capilary flow meter. Pilot tube. Nozzle Buckimglram theoram.
7. Rotameter. Friction factor. Dimensionalanalysis supplied to fluid flow. Flow through pipes bends. Flow around spherical particle-bed of solids. Equation of continuity Naijer stokes equation. Bed and particle fluidzation.
TEXT/REFERENCES
1. Elements of Heat and Mass Transfer – Prof. R.C. Parel, Acharya Book.
2. Fundamentals of Momentum. Heat and Mass Transfer : J.R. Welty, C.E. Wicks and R.E. Wilson Wiley.
3. Principles of Extractive Metallurgy – A. Ghosh and H.S. Ray.
4. Chemical Engineering – J.M. Coulson and J.F. Richardson. Mc.Hill ELDS.
5. Engineering in Process Metallurgy – RLL Guthrie Oxford.
6. Rate Phenomena in Process Metallurgy – J.Z. Szekely and N.J. Themelis, Wiley Inter-Science.
MACHINE DESIGN & DRAWING
1. Designing : Design procedure. Need for designing synthesis. Material selection. Engineering materials. Important mechanical – properties of materials. Streee concentration. Factor of safety. Types of loads and Stresses. Basic design calculations. Contact stresses. Fatigue loading & calculation based on various criteria. Theory of failure.
2. Operational & Permanent joints : Design of operational joints like – cotter, knuckle, Turn back etc. Design of riverted and welded joint for Structure and pressure vessel.
3. Machine parts subjected to ecoestiric load & columns : Ecoectric loading on rivets of bolts. Columns & starts. Buckling – load End fixing conditions. Column subjected to ecoentric load.
4. Shafts, Keys and Couplings :
Shaft : Design consideration. Materials for shafts, Loading, various factors affecting design of shafts.
Keys : Types of keys and design criteria.
Couplings : Design of various types of couplings like Muff coupling. Flange coupling. Flexible coupling. Elastomer type coupling. Metallic Grid (Steel Flex) coupling. Oldflam coupling etc.
5. Springs : Materials & manufacturing, Pre-stressing. Design of helical compression & Tensile springs, composite spring, contial spring. Torsion spring. Flat spiral spring & Leaf spring.
6. Levers : Design procedure. Design various levers like – Bellcrank, rocker arm etc. Design of various types of Handless & Foot levers.
7. Computer aided drafting & design : Importance of CAD. Design process. The application of computers for design. Product cycle of CAD. Introduction of software and Hardware.
Term work is based on theory. At least 4 half imperial sheet with design 10 reports.
REFERENCES
1. Machine Design Vol.1 – Patel, Sikh, Rajput & Pandya, C. Jamnadas & Co.
2. Mahcine Design Vol.2 – Patel, Sikh, Rajput & Pandya, C. Jamnadas & Co.
3. Elements of Machine Desing – Spott., Prentice Hall.
PLASTIC DEFORMATION OF METALS
Crystal imperfections. Point defects, Line defects and surface defects. Slip phenomena. Slip systems. Theoretical strength of a perfect crystal. Slip by dislocation movement concept of critical resolved shear stress.
Burgers vector and the dislocation loop. Dislocation in F.C.C (including formation of stacking fault.) B.C.C and H.C.P., Stress fields and energies of dislocations. Jogs.
Dislocation: Forces. Multimplication of dislocations. Techniques of observation of dislocation. Dislocation point defects interactions. Dislocation pile up. Twinning as a mode of deformation. Deformation of single and polycrystalline materials.
Strain hardening of single crystals. Grain boundaries. Strengthening from grain boundaries. Hall-patch equation. Low-angle boundaries. Surface tension of the grain boundary. Strain-hardening of polycrystalline metals. Relation between single and polycrystalline stress-strain curve.
Yield point phenomenon. Strain-ageing behaviour. Solid-solution hardening. Strengthening due to second phase particles.
Annealing of cold-worked metals, Recovery, Recrystallisation and grain growth. Tensile test, Hardness tests and impact tests.
Types of fracture in metals. Theoretical cohesive strength of metals. Griffith theory of brittle fracture. Theory of ductile-brittle transition temperature. Elementary concept of fracture mechanics.
Fatigue test. Theory of fatigue. Effect of metallurgical variables and temperature. Creep test, Creep curve. Stress-rupture test.
Creep mechanisms. High temperature alloys. Effect of some metallurgical variables. Presentation of engineering creep data.
TEXT/REFERENCE:
1. Mechanical Metallurgy – G.E. Dieter, M.C. Graw-Hill.
2. Physical Metallurgy Principles –R.E. Reed-Hill, DlVan-Nostrand Company.
3. Deformation and Fracture Mechanics of Engineering Materials – Richard W. Hortzberg, John Wiley & Sons.
4. Structure and Properties of Materials, Vol. III, Mechanical Behaviour, John Wulff, H.W. Hayde, W.I. Moffatt, Wiley Eastern Private Ltd.
SYLLABUS OF B.E III
NON FERROUS EXTRACTIVE METALLURGY.
1. Indian scenario of ores and mineral deposits and production facility for non-ferrous metals such as
Cu,Zn,Pb,Al,Sn,Ni,Mg,Ti.
2. Copper:Ores & Minerals, Pyrometallurgical extraction,concentration, roasting and smelting,converting refining.
Hydrometallurgy of Copper.
3. Comparitive study of electrowining and electrorefining of copper & behaviour of impurities.Parallel and Series
systems.
4. Nickel: Ores & Minerals.Pyrometallurgical extraction,Refining.
5. Aluminium: Ores and minerals. Pyro and hydro Metallurgical processes of extraction. Preparation of alumina from
bauxite.Preparation of electrode.Manufacture of carbon electrode,Hall & Heroult's process,Anode
effect,Aluminium refining by Hoop's process.
6. Magnesium:Ores and minerals,method s of production of MgO and MgCl2,Pyrometallurgical extraction of
magnesium.Electrolytic extraction,Refining of electrolyte.
7. Zinc: ores & minerals,Pyrometallurgical extraction of zinc,methods of distillation,Hydrometallurgical extraction
of zinc.
8. Lead: Ores & Minerals,Pyrometallurgical extraction of lead ,Pyrometallurgical refining of lead bullion,
Continuous lead refining,Seperation and extraction of Ti-metal.
9. Tin:Ores & Minerals and extraction of tin from its ores,Properties uses of important non-ferrous metals
Recovery of precious metals from secondary resources such as anode mud,zinc dross,red mud and
zinc electrolyte.
Term Work:Tutorials / Assignments based on above syllabus.
Text / Refrences.
1.Extractive Metallurgy:J.Newton.Willey
2.Metallurgy of Non Ferrous metals -W.H.Dennis,Ditman.
3.Extraction of Non Ferrous metals -H.S.Ray, R.Shridhar and K.P.Abraham
4.General Metallurgy-B.Kuznetov,Peace pubs.Moscow
5.Hydrometallurgy-S.Venkatachalam,Norsa Pub,Bombay.
IRON MAKING
1. Iron Making historical,Iron & steel industries in India,Occurence and distribution of raw materials,Valuation of Iron ores.Metallurgical coal resources in India,flux and its evaluation.
2. Burden preparation,Burden calaculation,Burden Qualities,Methods of bebficiation,agglomeration,sintering process,
variables and machines.
3. Types of sinter,Pelletization process,Theory of bonding,Mechanism of ball formation,disc and drum pelletizer,Induration
of pellets,cold bonding technique,testing of agglomerates.
4. Physiochemical principles of blast furmace,Blast furnace reactions,Thermodynamics of Iron oxide reduction
5. Reaction in stack,Direct & Indirect reductio.Slag-metal reactions,Desiliconisation,Desulpaharization.
6. Constructional features of blast furnace, profile, refractories, accessories,charging mechanism,Bell and Belless
charging systems.
7. Development in blast furnace process,Fuel Injection, oxygen injection, high-top pressure,high temperature blast,
their effect in coke-ratioandmetal-impurity distribution in slag and metal.
8. Alternative methods of iron making,Reduction smelting,Direct reduction processes and Fludised bed process,
mini- blast furnace,electrothermal process.
9. Blast furnace opertion,operational troubles and minimization,blast furnace control,Blast furnace gas,gas cleaning
and utilization.
Term Work: Experiments and Problems based on above syllabus.
Text / Refrences.
1. Introduction to Modern Iron making -R.H.Tupkary,Khanna Pub.,Delhi.
2. Introduction to Physical chemistry of iron and steel making -R.G.Ward,ELBS.
3.The making,shaping and treating of Steel.-H.M.Gannon,U.S.S.Pub.Pittsburgh.
4.Principles of blast furnace Iron Making- A.K.Biswas,SBA Pub,Calcutta
5.Blast Furnace Iron making-J.J.Gupta and Amit Chaterjee,SBA Pub.,Calcutta.
MECHANICAL METALLURGY
1. Princples of metal working. Flow curve. True strain, True stress. Yielding criteria for Ductile metals. Octahedral
shear stress and shear strain. Invariants of stress and strain.
2. Theories of plasticity, Flow and Deformation theories, Two dimensional plastic flow.
3. Classification of forming processes, Mechanics of metal working. Flow stress deformation
4. Effect of temperature, Strain rate and metallurgical structureon forming process. Friction and lubrication,
Workability, Residual stress, Cold work anneal cycle.
5. Forging : Classification of forging. Drop and press forging. Forging equipment. Calculation of forging pressure
and loads. Metallurgical variables associated with forging. Forging Defects.
6. Rolling of metals : Theory and practice. Different types of machines and accessories. Elementary roll pass
design. Rolling of blooms, slabs. Merchant mill. Rolling of rails and structures. Flat products and wheel.
Lay out of different mills for rolling of above products. Theories of cold and hot rolling. Defects in rolled
products.
7. Direct and Indirect extrusion. Variables in extrusion. Flow patterns in direct and indirect extrusion through
unsymmetrical multiple dies.
8. Impact extrusion. Hydrostatic extrusion. Tube forming. Production of seamless tubes by rolling and extrusion.
Tube drawing. Wire drawing. Dry and Wet wire drawing. Wire drawing equipment.
9. Theory and practice of wire drawing. Variables in wire drawing. Other conventional methods of working
such as deep drawing. Strech forming.
10. Spinning, Piercing, Swagging, Embossing, Coining, Shearing, Bending, High rate forming methods.
Superplasticity, Defects oin wrought products. Causes and remedy.
TEXT / REFERENCE
1. Mechanical Metallurgy - G.E.Dieter.
2. Introduction to Principles of Metal Working - G.W. Rowe, Edward
3. Mechanical Treatment of Metals - R.N. Parkins.
4. Making, Shaping and Treatment of Steels - H.M. Gannon, USS. Pittsburgh.
5. Engineering Metallurgy II - R.A. Higgins.
INDUSTRIAL CERAMIC MATERIALS
1) Fundamental ascepts of ceramics. Their difference from metallic and organic materials. Traditional and modern ceramics, classification od modern ceramics as oxide and non-oxide ceramics as well as classification based on their application.
2) Ceramic raw materials, Methods of Ceramic Powder processing, Pressing, Casting and plastic
forming processes and brief review of other forming processes. Sintering / Firing of ceramics.
Other modified classification processes.
3) Structural Ceramics : Properties and uses of Oxides and non-Oxide structural ceramics such as
alumina, aluminium nitride,boron nitride, tungsten carbide,titanium carbide,silicon carbide,Sialon.
4) Electronic Ceramics : Properties and applications as Piezoelectric materials,ferrites,electroptical
materials as pressure,gas and moisture detectors,etc. Ceramic dielectrics.
5) Ceramic cutting tools : Properties and applications of ceramic cutting tools such as alumina tools,
boron nitride tools, Si3N4, Sialon etc.
6) Glasses and optical Fibres : Basic and application of various types of glasses namely Silica glass,
Vycor glass,Opal-Glass. Application of glass fibres in composite materials and telecommunications,
some aspects of crystallized glasses.
7) Ceramic Coatings : Techniques,parameters and applications of plasma / spray coatings for coating
materials like WC, Cr3C, Al2O3, Stabilized Zirconia, etc. Similar studies on flame spray coatings.
8) Refractories : Classifications, properties such as PCE, RUL, Spalling, thermal properties, Chemical
properties,Testing of refractories, Phase diagrams of Al2O3 -SiO2, etc
9) Applications of refractories in Iron making and Steel making, foundries,Special refractories.
Text / Refrence :
1) Modern Ceramic Engineering :- David W Richerson
Marcel Dekker,Inc., New Yoek [1982]
2) Introduction to fine Ceramics :- Applications in Engineering.
Noborn Ichinose by John Wiley & sons
Ltd, Newyork [1987]
3) Advanced Ceramics :- P.Ramkrishnan,
Oxoford & IBH Publ.Co. P. Ltd.,
New Delhi.
FURNACE TECHNOLOGY
1) Classification and uses of furnaces in metallurgy based on technology,structure and heat
generation.
2) Fundamentals of heat engineering of furnaces. Heat transfer laws, Review of steady state,
conduction.
3) Transeint conduction, cartesian,cylindrical and spherical co-ordinates,solution for simple
geometry and boundry conditions.
4) Convective heat transfer and radiative heat transfer.
5) Flow of gases in furnaces,ducts,drafts,chimney. Sample calculations, waste heat recovery,
regenerators and recuperators,principle and design,Blast furnace stove.
6) Elements of furnace design,Refractories,materials for constructions, Fuel burning devices for
solid/liquid/gaseous fuel,design of roof and hearth.
7) Principle of electric heating,Resistance heating elements, principles of induction heating,core
and coreless furnaces, various types,comparison,Typical calculations.
8) Study of few important metallurgical furnaces,Special furnaces,Plasma heating,Optical furnaces,
Uses of laser.
9) Temperature Measurement and control,calculations on heat transfer and fluid flow. Simple
furnace design.
TERM WORK : It includes drawing of burners and furnaces,calculations on heat transfer and
fluid flow,simple furnace design.
TEXT/REFERENCE :
1) Combustion Engineering A.K.Shaha,Oxford and IBH Publ. Co. Calcutta,1974
and Fuel Technology
2) Metallurgical Furnaces V.KKrivanchiv and B.Markov,MIR Publ. Moscow,1977.
3) Metallurgical Engineering Schuman
Principles Vol 1
4) The General Theory of M.A.Glinkov and G.M. Glinkov, MIR Publ.Moscow,1978
Furnace
Second Semester
FOUNDARY TECHNOLOGY
1. Introduction : Importance of Foundary Industry in Modern Industrial scenario,Advantages and limitations of casting method.Classification of Foundaries,
Different sections in Foundary and their functions.
2. Patterns : Types, Brief discussion on pattern making materials,consideration in selection of pattern materials, colour code,Pattern allowances, core-boxes,types of core boxes.
3. Moulding and core making materials, Ingrediants of common type of moulding and core making sands, their properties and behaviour.Testing of sands & clay.
4. Classification of Moulding processes and casting processes,Brief description of all processes such as green sand,dry sand, loam, floor,pit and Machine moulding.
5. Shell Moulding,CO2 Silicate process,Investment Casting process,Permanent moulding process Gravity and Pressure die casting,centrifugal casting process.
6.Melting of cast iron, Mechanical features of cupola, operational steps and principles of cupola operation,Advanced practicles in the cupola operation.Melting of aluminium and copper based alloys including mould treatments such as dressing , grain refining and modification.
7. Elements of gating system : Classification, Basic considerations in gatting design,Gating ratio, Gating practise for ferrous and non-ferrous alloys,Pouring equipments.
8. Risering practise, Functions of riser, Directional and progressive solidification,Centreline feeding resistance , Riser efficiency,Riser design considerations,Risering curves, Cain's,N.R.L. and Modulus method, Feeding distance, Feeding aids, blind and atmosphereic risers, Defects in castings, causes and remedies.
Term Work : Experiments and Tutorials based on above syllabus.
Text/Reference :
1. Principles of Metal Casting - Heine and Rosentall
2. Foundry Technology - Beelay
3. Foundry Technology - M.Lal
4. Foundry Technology - P.L.Jain
5. Foundry Technology - Goel and Sinha
PHYSICAL METALLURGY I
Met : 3208 Theory : 100 Marks
L : 4 Hrs. TW/Viva : 100 Marks
Pr. : 6 Hrs. Total : 200 Marks
1. Study of various types of Phase Diagrams, Binaru and Ternary.
2. Solidification jof Metals and Alloys,Nucleation and growth phenomena.
Constitutional supercooling,Eutectic solidification. Rules of formation of various types of solid solutions. Intermediate phases, Intermetallic compounds.
3. Iron-carbon system, Fe-Fe3C diagram. Effect of alloying elements. Isothermal and continuous cooling transformation diagrams, Hardenability.
4. Fundamentals of heat treatments of Steels. Annealing, Homogenisation. Spheroidising, Normalising, Quenching media, Austempering, Martempering, Hardening and Tempering.
5. Surface modification Techniques with or without change of surface chemistry.
6. Cast irons: Classification according to graphite morphology and matrix structure.
7. Microscopy: Abbe's criterion for image formation, resolving power, numerical aperture, empty magnification, construction of simple and compound microscopes, Important lens defects and their correction.
8. Principles of bright field, dark field contrast, oblique illumination, phase contrast, interference and polarized light microscopy.
9. Metakkography - Macrography, Fractography, Photomicrography, Elements of quantitative metalography and Image processing.
Term Work : Experiments and Problems based on above syllabus.
Tezt/Reference :
1. Physical Metallurgy Principles - R.E. Reed Hill [East - West]
2. Principles of Metallographic Laboratory Practice - G.E. Kehl and H.Davis[Mc.Hill]
3. Phase Diagrams in Metallurgy - F.N.Rhines.
4. Engineering Physical Metallurgy - Y.Lakhtin[MIR Publications]
5. Physical Metallurgy Vol I-I.A.Gulyaev[MIR Publications]
6. Physical Metallurgy for Engineers-D.S.Clark and W.R. Varney[CBS]
7. Modern Physical Metallurgy - R.E.Smallman[ELBS]
8. Heat Treatment Principles and Techniques - T.V.Rajan, C.P.Sharma and A. Sharma [Prentice Hall]
POWDER METALLURGY
MET : 3207 Theory : 100Marks
L : 4Hrs TW/Viva : 50Marks
Pr : 2Hrs Total : 150Marks
1) Introduction : Historical and modern developments in P/M. Advantages limitations and applications of P/M.
2) Characteristics of metal powder in terms of particle size , shape and size distribution, Characteristics of powder mass such as apparent density, tap density, flow rate, friction conditions. Properties of green compacts and sintered compacts.
3) Important methods of metal powder manufacturing like machining, milling, atomization, electrodeposition, reduction from oxide, carbonyl process, production of alloy powders, New development.
4) Powder conditioning, fundamentals of powder compaction, density distribution in green compacts, types of compaction presses, compaction tooling and role of lubricants.
5) Single and double die compaction, isostatic pressing, hot pressing.
6) Powder rolling, powder forging, powder extrusion and explosive forming technique.
7) Definition of sintering, stages of sintering, effect of variables on sintering, sintering atmospheres and sintering furnaces.
8) Mechanism of sintering, liquid-phase sintering, infiltration process.
9) Study of sintered bearings, cutting tools, and metallic filters.
10) Study of friction and antifriction parts and electrical contact materials.
TERM WORK : Experiments and assignments based on above syllabus.
TEXT/REFERENCES :
1) Powder Metallurgy :- W.D.Jones
2) Introduction to Powder Metallurgy :- A.K.Sinha
3) Principles of Powder Metallurgy :- T.Shukerman
4) Handbook of Powder Metallurgy :- H.H.Hausner
STEEL MAKING
1. Priciples of Steel makingprocess, Steel making as oxidation process. Wrought iron making, Thermodynamics
of refining, Types of slags - Acid, Basic, Dry and Wet slags.
2. Raw materials for steel making, Pneumatic aqnd Hearth processes, Oxygen steel making and LD Process,
Selection of steel making orocess.
3. LD plant layout, Jet - material interaction, Vessel and lance design, Multinozzle lances.
4. Modification in oxygen blowing processes, LD-AC and bottom blown oxygen processes, Combined blowing,
Steel making in rotating vessels, Kaldo and Rotor process, Continous steel making.
5. Physical chemistry of carbon removal, Active and Inactive sites, Mechanism of oxygen transport, P,Si,Mn,S
distrubition.
6. Deoxidation, Selection of deoxidizer and deoxidation practise, e.g. Simple and Complex, Mechanism
of deoxidation.
7. Electric Arc Furnace process [ AC & DC ], single and double slag practise, Raw materials, classification,
Chromiun - Carbon equilibrium, Rustless process, Argon Oxygen decarburisation, Vaccum oxygen
decarburisation, Use of sponge iron in steel makin, advantages and limitations, Induction Furnace.
8. Gases in steel, Vaccum degassing, Ladle stream degassing, Degassing in bulk and by part, Secondary
steel making, ASEA-SKF process, VAD process
9. Casting pit practise, teeming, ingot mould, Types of ingots, Ingot structures, Ingot defects and remedies.
10. Continous casting, principlrs, machines, Types, metallurgical aspects, Integrated steel plants,
Alloy steel making and mini-steel plants in India.
TEXT / REFERENCE
1) Introduction to Modern Steel Making :- R.H.Tupkary, Khanna Publ. Delhi.
2) Steel Making :- V.A.Kudim, MIR Publishers,Moscow.
3) Electrometallurgy of Steel :- E.P.Edneral, MIR Publ; Moscow
& Ferro.Alloys Vol I & II
4) Making,Shaping and :- H.M.Gannon, USS Pub. Pittsburg.
Treating of steel
5) Introduction to Physical :- R.G.Ward, ELBS.
Chemistry of Steel Making